Gluten is a protein found in wheat and related grains in the wheat family like barley, rye, spelt, faro and bulgur. Foods made from wheat such as breads, cereals, and pasta, contain gluten. Gluten helps pasta maintain its many shapes and gives it the slightly chewy texture.
Most people enjoy products that contain gluten without any side effects. A small group of people may have a gluten intolerance or allergy. For those individuals who have been diagnosed by a doctor with a gluten sensitivity, there are numerous gluten-free pasta options that allow them to enjoy a wide variety of pasta dishes.